The Bohemian Shepherd: Your complete guide!

The Bohemian Shepherd, a symbol of determination, unwavering loyalty, and remarkable herding skills, has captured the hearts of dog enthusiasts and shepherds. With its origins in the Czech Republic, distinctive physical characteristics, and a unique set of personality traits, this breed is celebrated as an agile and dependable working dog.

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Adaptable | Energetic | Playful
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    Everything you need to know about the Bohemian Shepherd!

    Category (Explanation)Breed Information
    Year of Breed Conception20th century
    Country of OriginCzech Republic
    Weight (lbs & kg) (Male)35-50 lbs (16-23 kg)
    Weight (lbs & kg) (Female)35-50 lbs (16-23 kg)
    Coat TypeDense, double coat
    Color VariationsSable with black mask
    Shedding Level (Low, Moderate, High)Moderate
    Height (cm & in)18-20 inches (45-50 cm)
    Breed SizeMedium
    Trainability (Low, Moderate, High)High
    Mental Needs (Low, Moderate, High)Moderate
    Intelligence Level (Low, Moderate, High)High
    Energy Level (Low, Moderate, High)Moderate to High
    Agility (Low, Moderate, High)High
    Loyalty (Low, Moderate, High)High
    Playfulness (Low, Moderate, High)Moderate
    Exercise NeedsRegular exercise and mental stimulation
    Guarding Proficiency (Low, Moderate, High)Moderate
    Sociability with Children (Low, Moderate, High)High
    Barking Level (Low, Moderate, High)Moderate
    Digging Tendency (Low, Moderate, High)Low
    Destructive Behavior (Low, Moderate, High)Low
    Drooling Level (Low, Moderate, High)Low
    Obedience Level (Low, Moderate, High)High
    Apartment Friendly (Yes/No)Can adapt to apartment living with sufficient exercise
    Inherent Prey DriveModerate
    Physical Risk to Others (Low, Moderate, High)Low
    Travel Fatality Risk (Low, Moderate, High)Low
    Allergen PotentialLow
    Health Concerns (List of Common Health Concerns)No specific common health issues
    Average Life Expectancy (Life Expectancy in Years)12-15 years
    Make sure to take care of your Bohemian Shepherd and

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    History of the Bohemian Shepherd

    The Bohemian Shepherd, or Český Fousek, has a history rooted in the Czech Republic as a versatile hunting and working dog. These dogs were bred for their exceptional hunting skills and loyalty.

    Their name, “Fousek,” refers to their characteristic facial hair. Bohemian Shepherds are known for their intelligence and determination in tracking and retrieving game.

    Today, they are celebrated for their hunting abilities and their loyalty as family companions. They embody the spirit of skilled hunting dogs.

    What makes the Bohemian Shepherd so special?

    Bohemian Shepherd pair

    The Bohemian Shepherd is known for its agility and intelligence. These dogs were bred for herding tasks and are highly adaptable to different working environments. Their loyalty and work ethic set them apart as exceptional working dogs and family companions.

    Bohemian Shepherds often served as herding dogs in their namesake region, the Czech Republic. Their agility and herding instincts made them skilled at guiding and protecting livestock. Today, they participate in herding and dog sports, as well as being loyal family companions, carrying on their tradition as reliable working dogs.

    Bohemian Shepherds have spirited and adaptable personalities. They are known for their agility and herding instincts, making them excellent assets in managing livestock.

    Their intelligence and work ethic make them dependable herders, and their affectionate nature with their families is evident. Bohemian Shepherds are characterized by their agility, adaptability, and a loving disposition, epitomizing the perfect blend of resilience and companionship.

    Bohemian Shepherds are intelligent and alert. They are typically good with children and other pets but can be reserved with strangers. Early socialization is important for a well-adjusted temperament.

    Mental and physical exercise is crucial for their well-being.

    Bohemian Shepherds are medium-sized dogs with a well-proportioned and athletic build. They have a well-defined head with expressive, almond-shaped eyes and erect ears.

    They have a dense double coat with a weather-resistant outer coat. Coat colors can include black and tan or solid black. Their tail is usually straight and tapered.

    Males typically stand between 24 to 26 inches (61-66 cm) at the shoulder and weigh between 45 to 65 pounds (20-29 kg), while females are slightly smaller and lighter.

    Bohemian Shepherds have an elegant and alert presence, reflecting their herding and working roles.

    Bohemian Shepherds have a coat that’s typically sable or gray with white markings. They may not have distinct coat colors.

    Bohemian Shepherds often have sable or gray coats with white markings, but they may not exhibit distinct coat patterns.

    Bohemian Shepherds have a moderate shedding level. They shed year-round with increased shedding during seasonal changes. Regular grooming and brushing can help minimize shedding and maintain their coat.

    Bohemian Shepherds have a medium-length coat that requires regular grooming to keep it healthy and minimize shedding. Grooming habits for this breed include:

    1. Brushing: Regular brushing, at least once or twice a week, is essential to prevent matting and remove loose fur. Use a slicker brush or a pin brush for grooming.

    2. Bathing: Bathe Bohemian Shepherds when necessary using a dog-specific shampoo and ensure thorough rinsing.

    3. Ears: Check and clean their ears regularly with a veterinarian-recommended solution to prevent wax buildup or infections.

    4. Nails: Keep their nails trimmed to a comfortable length to maintain proper gait and prevent discomfort.

    5. Teeth: Brush their teeth regularly to ensure dental health and prevent bad breath. Dental chews or toys can be beneficial.

    6. Tail and Paw Care: Maintain cleanliness in the tail and paw areas, inspecting for any signs of irritation or injury.

    Bohemian Shepherds have a high activity level and thrive on physical and mental challenges. Key points about their activity level include:

    1. Exercise Needs: Bohemian Shepherds require daily exercise to stay content. Activities can include long walks, runs, and playtime.

    2. Energy Level: They have high energy levels, especially when young. Regular exercise helps channel their energy in positive ways.

    3. Working Heritage: Historically, Bohemian Shepherds were bred for herding and guarding tasks. They excel in activities like obedience training, agility, and herding.

    4. Mental Stimulation: In addition to physical exercise, mental challenges through training and interactive games are important to keep them mentally sharp.

    5. Outdoor Enthusiasts: They enjoy outdoor activities and make great companions for those who enjoy hiking, running, and dog sports.

    Australian Kelpies are highly intelligent dogs known for their exceptional herding abilities. Here are some key points about their intelligence:

    1. Trainability: Australian Kelpies are highly trainable and excel in obedience training. They quickly learn complex commands and tasks, which is crucial for herding work.
    2. Problem-Solving: They exhibit strong problem-solving skills, particularly when herding livestock and making quick decisions based on cues.
    3. Adaptability: Australian Kelpies are adaptable to various living environments, making them versatile companions.
    4. Work and Utility: Historically bred for herding, their intelligence is an asset in efficiently responding to cues and commands.
    5. Social Intelligence: Australian Kelpies form strong bonds with their families and are attentive to human emotions. They are loyal and protective.

    Australian Kelpies’ intelligence and herding instincts make them exceptional herders and companions. Proper training, socialization, and mental stimulation are essential for their well-being.

    Bohemian Shepherds are intelligent and need mental stimulation. Engage them in obedience training and activities that challenge their minds to keep them sharp.

    Social Interaction: They are social dogs and require regular interaction with their human family. Loneliness can lead to anxiety or destructive behavior, so provide companionship and attention.

    Exercise: Mental exercise is equally important. Offer them tasks that challenge their problem-solving skills.

    Training and Obedience: Bohemian Shepherds benefit from obedience training and activities that engage their minds. Consistent, positive-reinforcement training is effective in shaping their behavior.

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    What to look out for, before you get a Bohemian Shepherd!

    Bohemian Shepherd puppy looking up

    If you’re thinking about a Bohemian Shepherd, here are important factors to know:

    1. Activity Level: Bohemian Shepherds are active dogs that require regular exercise and mental stimulation.

    2. Training Needs: They are intelligent and need consistent training and socialization to prevent behavioral issues.

    3. Space: Bohemian Shepherds need space to move, making them better suited for homes with yards.

    4. Coat Care: Regular grooming is essential to manage their coat and prevent matting.

    5. Work or Activities: Many Bohemian Shepherds enjoy tasks or dog sports that provide mental and physical challenges.

    Bohemian Shepherds, though not as common as some breeds, may pose a physical risk to others if not properly socialized, trained, or managed. The risk assessment factors include:

    1. Protective Instinct: Bohemian Shepherds may have a protective instinct, especially towards their family or territory. Proper training is essential to manage this instinct.

    2. Socialization: Early and thorough socialization is crucial to ensure Bohemian Shepherds are comfortable around people and other animals. Poor socialization can lead to fear or aggression.

    3. Training: Obedience training is essential to teach Bohemian Shepherds appropriate behavior and ensure they respond to commands. Well-trained dogs are less likely to engage in aggressive behavior.

    4. Owner Responsibility: Responsible ownership involves being aware of the dog’s behavior and taking necessary precautions in public settings.

    5. Breed-Specific Legislation (BSL): Bohemian Shepherds may not be commonly subject to BSL, but owners should be aware of local regulations.

    6. Individual Variability: Each dog is unique, and behavior can vary. Responsible ownership, proper training, and socialization are key to minimizing the potential physical risk to others.

    Bohemian Shepherds are generally good with children. They are affectionate and protective, and their herding instincts may make them watch over and gather kids. Proper socialization and training are important for their interactions with children.

    Bohemian Shepherds may be capable swimmers. Their agility and build make swimming possible. However, their comfort level with water activities varies among individuals. Always supervise your dog when they are near water.

    1. Early Training: Start training your Bohemian Shepherd puppy as early as possible. Puppies are like sponges, and their ability to learn is at its peak during their early months.
    2. Socialization: Expose your puppy to a wide range of people, animals, and environments to help them become well-adjusted adults. Socialization is crucial for reducing fear and aggression.
    3. Positive Reinforcement: Use positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats, praise, and toys, to reward and reinforce good behavior. This approach is effective and builds a strong bond between you and your puppy.
    4. Consistency: Be consistent with your training methods and commands. Use the same cues and rewards consistently to avoid confusion.
    5. Basic Commands: Teach essential commands like “sit,” “stay,” “come,” and “leave it.” These commands are the building blocks of obedience and safety.
    6. House Training: Be patient and consistent when house training your Bohemian Shepherd puppy. Establish a routine for bathroom breaks and praise them when they eliminate outside.
    7. Crate Training: Crate training can be a valuable tool for housebreaking and providing a safe space for your puppy. Make the crate a positive and comfortable place.
    8. Social Skills: Encourage positive interactions with other dogs and people to develop good social skills. Puppy classes and playdates can be helpful.
    9. Exercise and Play: Bohemian Shepherd puppies have energy to burn. Ensure they get enough exercise and playtime to prevent boredom and destructive behavior.
    10. Chewing: Provide appropriate chew toys to satisfy their need to chew and prevent them from chewing on furniture or belongings.
    11. Patience and Persistence: Training takes time, and puppies may not grasp commands immediately. Be patient and persistent, and avoid punishment-based training methods.
    12. Professional Training: If you encounter challenges or need additional guidance, consider enrolling your puppy in a professional training class led by a qualified dog trainer.

    Remember that Bohemian Shepherd puppies, like all puppies, are eager to please and learn. Positive and consistent training practices will help them become well-behaved, obedient, and happy adult dogs. Building a strong and trusting bond with your puppy through training is a rewarding experience for both you and your canine companion.

    Bohemian Shepherds are often moderately noisy. They may bark or use vocalizations when they sense potential threats or unusual activities, but they are not excessively vocal.

    Bohemian Shepherds thrive in homes that provide:

    • 1. Active Lifestyle: They do well in households with active individuals or families who can provide regular exercise and playtime.
    • 2. Space: A house with a yard where they can exercise and explore is ideal.
    • 3. Socialization: Early and consistent socialization is crucial to their well-adjusted behavior.
    • 4. Routine: Establishing a routine helps them feel secure and reduces anxiety. Predictable daily schedules are beneficial.
    • 5. Training: They respond well to positive reinforcement training methods and thrive in environments where training and mental stimulation are prioritized.


    • 1. Lack of Exercise: Without sufficient exercise and mental stimulation, Bohemian Shepherds can become bored and may develop behavioral problems.
    • 2. Isolation: They are social dogs and may struggle in homes where they are frequently left alone for extended periods.
    • 3. Lack of Socialization: Poorly socialized Bohemian Shepherds may exhibit fear or aggression towards strangers or other animals, which can lead to challenges in public settings.
    • 4. Owner Experience: Inexperienced owners who are not prepared for the breed’s specific needs and characteristics may face challenges in raising a well-behaved Bohemian Shepherd.

    Traveling with Bohemian Shepherds involves these considerations:

    1. Exercise Needs: Bohemian Shepherds require regular exercise. Plan for breaks and playtime during travel.
    2. Size: They are medium-sized. Ensure their security with suitable travel crates or seat belt harnesses.
    3. Anxiety: Some Bohemian Shepherds may experience travel anxiety. Gradual introduction to travel and familiar items can help alleviate stress.
    4. Air Travel: Choose airlines with pet-friendly policies and suitable crate requirements for air travel.
    5. Identification: Keep proper identification on your Bohemian Shepherd during travel.

    Bohemian Shepherds are generally healthy, but they may be prone to certain health concerns, including:

    • Hip Dysplasia: A genetic condition that affects the hip joints and can lead to arthritis and lameness.
    • Elbow Dysplasia: A condition affecting the elbow joints, causing pain and lameness.
    • Cataracts: A clouding of the eye’s lens, which can lead to impaired vision.
    • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): A group of inherited diseases that can lead to blindness.

    Proper nutrition is vital for Bohemian Shepherds. Follow these nutritional habits:

    1. High-Quality Dog Food: Choose dog food with high-quality animal protein as the first ingredient.
    2. Age-Appropriate Food: Feed the appropriate life stage formula.
    3. Protein: Opt for a diet with moderate to high protein content.
    4. Balanced Diet: Ensure a balance of protein, fats, carbs, vitamins, and minerals.
    5. Portion Control: Prevent overfeeding with proper portion sizes.
    6. Fresh Water: Always provide clean, fresh water.
    7. Avoid Table Scraps: Refrain from feeding human food.
    8. Treats: Use treats in moderation for training and rewards.
    9. Consult Your Veterinarian: Seek guidance from your vet for the best diet.
    10. Special Dietary Needs: Address dietary restrictions or allergies with your vet.
    11. Weight Management: Maintain a healthy weight through exercise and portion control.
    12. Regular Check-Ups: Schedule regular veterinary check-ups for monitoring.

    Proper nutrition is essential for the health and well-being of Bohemian Shepherds.

    Breed-specific laws (BSL) can affect Bohemian Shepherds in certain areas, with regulations varying depending on local jurisdictions. Common BSL restrictions that Bohemian Shepherds may face include:

    1. Mandatory Spaying/Neutering: Some areas may require owners of Bohemian Shepherds to spay or neuter their dogs under BSL.
    2. Special Licensing: BSL may necessitate special licenses for Bohemian Shepherd owners, often involving additional fees and regulations.
    3. Liability Insurance: Owners of Bohemian Shepherds may be mandated to carry liability insurance as part of BSL.
    4. Muzzling in Public: In specific regions, BSL may dictate that Bohemian Shepherds be muzzled when in public spaces.
    5. Ownership Bans: In extreme cases, BSL may ban the ownership of Bohemian Shepherds altogether in certain areas.

    BSL is typically motivated by concerns about public safety and perceived risks associated with specific breeds, including Bohemian Shepherds. However, it’s important to note that Bohemian Shepherds are not inherently aggressive, and BSL may affect them due to their physical resemblance to breeds that are sometimes included in these laws.

    BSL is a contentious subject, and many advocates argue that it unfairly targets breeds rather than addressing individual dog behavior. They emphasize that responsible ownership, training, and education should be emphasized instead of breed-specific restrictions.

    To determine if there are breed-specific laws or restrictions regarding Bohemian Shepherds in your area, you should check with your local animal control or government authorities. Be aware of and comply with any local regulations to ensure that you are in compliance with the law while owning a Bohemian Shepherd.

    Woof Mastery is reader supported and our articles may contain affiliate links. 

    Instead of running third party ads that we have no control of we only use links from high-quality companies we are directly partnered with. Making use of these links come at no cost to you our reader, and in many cases have the extra benefit of discounted rates or sign up bonuses.

    If you’re interested you can read more about our affiliate policy here.

    We appreciate your support and always insure that the products and services we recommend are high-quality, helpful and relevant to the subject at hand!

    Fun Facts About The Bohemian Shepherd

    Myth 1: Bohemian Shepherds are Wolves

    Truth: Bohemian Shepherds are not wolves; they are a distinct breed developed in the Czech Republic. They are domesticated dogs.

    Myth 2: They are Difficult to Train

    Truth: Bohemian Shepherds are intelligent and can be trained effectively with positive reinforcement methods. They respond well to consistent training.

    Bohemian Shepherds, also known as Český Fousek, may not have as many widely recognized famous individuals. They excel in hunting and retrieving, contributing to the traditional role of versatile gundogs.

    • Herding: Bohemian Shepherds have a history as herding dogs and are still employed in herding tasks on farms.
    • Working Dogs: They are used as working dogs in various roles, particularly in herding and guarding livestock.
    • Companionship: Bohemian Shepherds are appreciated as loyal and protective family pets.

    Bohemian Shepherds are cherished by owners who appreciate their herding and working abilities. Notable historical owners may not be widely recognized, but these dogs have excelled in various roles.

    Bohemian Shepherds, like all breeds, face certain challenges and dangers. Some of the greatest dangers and concerns for the breed include:

    1. Misunderstanding: Misconceptions about the breed’s exercise needs and protective nature can lead to misunderstandings and potential challenges for owners who are not prepared for the breed’s requirements.
    2. Health Concerns: Bohemian Shepherds are susceptible to specific health issues, including hip dysplasia, bloat, and heart conditions. Responsible breeding and regular veterinary care are essential to address these concerns.
    3. Protective Instincts: They are known for their protective instincts, which may lead to guarding and territorial behavior if not properly managed through training.
    4. Exercise Needs: These dogs require regular exercise and mental stimulation to prevent restlessness and destructive behavior due to their high energy levels.
    5. Climate Sensitivity: Their thick double coat makes them sensitive to heat. Owners in warm climates must take precautions to prevent heat-related issues.
    6. Breed-Specific Legislation: Bohemian Shepherds may be affected by breed-specific legislation (BSL) in certain areas, leading to restrictions or bans on ownership.
    7. Irresponsible Breeding: Irresponsible breeding practices can result in health and temperament issues. Ethical breeding is crucial for the breed’s well-being.
    8. Training Needs: Proper training is important to manage their protective instincts and to provide mental stimulation for the breed.
    9. Socialization: Early and consistent socialization is necessary to ensure Bohemian Shepherds are well-adjusted around strangers and other dogs.
    10. Coat Care: Their double coat requires regular grooming to prevent matting and maintain skin health.

    By understanding these challenges and providing responsible ownership and care, many of these dangers can be mitigated to ensure the well-being of Bohemian Shepherds.

    The Bohemian Shepherd, or Český Fousek, originated in the Czech Republic. It was bred for its hunting and pointing abilities. The breed’s development involved local pointing and hunting dogs, selected for their skills in tracking, pointing, and retrieving game.

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    Why you're going to love the Bohemian Shepherd

    The Bohemian Shepherd is a breed celebrated for its herding abilities and gentle nature. Their agile and intelligent disposition has made them valuable working dogs and beloved companions.

    Being a Bohemian Shepherd owner involves providing mental and physical stimulation, grooming, and regular veterinary care. Responsible ownership includes addressing potential health concerns and nurturing their herding instincts through training.

    With their tricolor coats and loyal demeanor, Bohemian Shepherds continue to be cherished for their versatility and dedication in both work and companionship.

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