The Brussels Griffon: Your complete guide!

The Brussels Griffon, a small dog with a big personality, captivates enthusiasts with its expressive face and lively spirit. Rooted in a rich history, boasting a distinctive appearance, and known for its unique charm, this breed has carved out a special place as a delightful companion and a cherished source of joy in the lives of dog lovers.

Brussels Griffon Portrait
Quirky | Devoted | Spirited
Table of Contents
    Add a header to begin generating the table of contents

    Everything you need to know about the Brussels Griffon!

    Category (Explanation)Breed Information
    Year of Breed Conception19th century
    Country of OriginBelgium
    Weight (lbs & kg) (Male)8-10 lbs (3.5-4.5 kg)
    Weight (lbs & kg) (Female)8-10 lbs (3.5-4.5 kg)
    Coat TypeRough or smooth
    Color VariationsRed, belge, black and tan, solid black
    Shedding LevelLow to moderate
    Height (cm & in)7-8 inches (18-20 cm)
    Breed SizeToy
    Mental NeedsModerate
    Intelligence LevelHigh
    Energy LevelModerate
    Exercise NeedsModerate activity indoors
    Guarding ProficiencyLow
    Sociability with ChildrenModerate to high
    Barking LevelModerate
    Digging TendencyLow
    Destructive BehaviorLow
    Drooling LevelLow
    Obedience LevelModerate
    Apartment FriendlyYes, but needs mental stimulation
    Inherent Prey DriveLow
    Physical Risk to OthersLow
    Travel Fatality RiskLow
    Allergen PotentialLow
    Health ConcernsLuxating patella, brachycephalic syndrome, respiratory issues
    Average Life Expectancy12-15 years
    Make sure to take care of your Brussels Griffon and

    Woof Mastery is reader supported and our articles may contain affiliate links. 

    Instead of running third party ads that we have no control of we only use links from high-quality companies we are directly partnered with. Making use of these links come at no cost to you our reader, and in many cases have the extra benefit of discounted rates or sign up bonuses.

    If you’re interested you can read more about our affiliate policy here.

    We appreciate your support and always insure that the products and services we recommend are high-quality, helpful and relevant to the subject at hand!

    History of the Brussels Griffon

    The Brussels Griffon’s history is a tale of charm and companionship originating in Belgium during the 19th century. Bred for their rat-catching abilities, these small dogs quickly found their way into the hearts of Brussels locals with their distinctive appearance and engaging personalities.

    As the Brussels Griffon gained popularity, especially among Belgian nobility, it became a symbol of elegance and charm. The breed’s unique facial expression, characterized by its pushed-in nose, captured the imagination of dog enthusiasts, leading to its recognition as a beloved companion in households across Europe.

    Dedicated breeders have worked tirelessly to preserve the Brussels Griffon’s distinctive qualities. Today, these small dogs stand as a testament to their rich history, embodying the spirit of charm and companionship that has endeared them to families and dog lovers worldwide.

    What makes the Brussels Griffon so special?

    Brussels Griffon Face Close-Up

    The Brussels Griffon captivates with its expressive face and unique personality. Despite its diminutive size, this breed possesses a confident demeanor and a bold spirit, fearlessly taking on the world.

    Behind its curious gaze lies a heart full of love and loyalty, making the Brussels Griffon a beloved companion. Whether charming everyone it meets with its quirky antics or cuddled up in its owner’s lap, this breed’s distinctive charm shines through.

    The Brussels Griffon’s traditional role in human society can be traced back to its origins in Belgium, where it was prized as a rat catcher and cherished companion of Brussels’ street vendors. Despite its small size, this breed proved to be fearless and tenacious when it came to hunting vermin.

    With its distinctive wiry coat and expressive face, the Brussels Griffon quickly became a symbol of loyalty and devotion. Its endearing personality and playful demeanor endeared it to families, often serving as a faithful watchdog and affectionate lap dog.

    Today, the Brussels Griffon continues to excel in its traditional role as a beloved companion, bringing joy and laughter to its owners’ lives with its quirky antics and unwavering loyalty, while still retaining its instinctual drive to protect and entertain.

    Brussels Griffons are celebrated for their captivating personalities. They possess an endearing charm, often displaying a bold and expressive nature that charms their families.

    Despite their small stature, they possess a confident and spirited demeanor, fearlessly asserting themselves in any situation. Brussels Griffons form deep bonds with their families, showing unwavering loyalty and affection.

    With their intelligence and playful disposition, they excel in activities that engage their minds and bodies, making them delightful companions. Brussels Griffons embody a perfect balance of charm, intelligence, and devotion.

    Brussels Griffons are known for their affectionate and spirited personality, but without proper training and socialization, they may become overly attached and prone to separation anxiety.

    This breed’s intelligence and sensitivity require gentle and consistent training methods to prevent them from developing fear-based aggression. Leash training is crucial due to their strong prey drive and tendency to chase smaller animals.

    While Brussels Griffons form strong bonds with their families, they may be reserved or aloof around strangers, highlighting the importance of early socialization to encourage confidence and sociability.

    Brussels Griffons are small, expressive dogs with a distinctive “monkey-like” face. They have a domed skull, accompanied by a short, blunt muzzle and a black nose.

    Their eyes are large, round, and soulful, conveying a range of emotions. Ears are set high on the head, either cropped or natural, contributing to their endearing appearance.

    These dogs showcase a rough or smooth coat that comes in various shades including red, belge, black, or a combination of these colors. Their coat adds to their unique and captivating look.

    Brussels Griffons possess a compact, well-muscled body with a level topline and a slightly arched neck. Their tail is usually docked to a medium length.

    In terms of size, Brussels Griffons stand around 7 to 10 inches (18-25 cm) at the shoulder, exhibiting a sturdy and well-balanced build.

    Overall, Brussels Griffons are spirited and affectionate companions, captivating hearts with their charming appearance and lively personality.

    Brussels Griffons come in various color variations, adding to their unique and distinctive appearance. The most common color variations for Brussels Griffons include:

    1. Red: This is one of the most recognized and typical color patterns for Brussels Griffons. The coat is predominantly red, ranging from a deep mahogany to a lighter, more golden red.
    2. Black and Tan: Brussels Griffons may have a black coat with tan markings on the eyebrows, muzzle, and legs. The black can vary in shade from solid black to a softer, charcoal hue.
    3. Belge: Some Brussels Griffons exhibit a unique color pattern called Belge, which features a mix of black, reddish-brown, and lighter fawn hairs. The Belge pattern creates a striking and dynamic appearance.
    4. Black: While less common, some Brussels Griffons may have a solid black coat without any tan or red markings. These dogs have a sleek and elegant appearance.
    1. Red: Brussels Griffons may have a coat that is predominantly red in color, ranging from a deep mahogany to a lighter, more coppery red. The red coloration gives them a vibrant and distinctive appearance.
    2. Black and Tan: Brussels Griffons may have a black coat with tan markings on the eyebrows, muzzle, chest, and legs. The tan markings can vary in shade from light cream to a richer, reddish-tan hue.
    3. Belge: Brussels Griffons with a belge coat have a mix of black, brown, and red hairs, creating a unique and rich coloration. The belge pattern gives them a striking and distinguished appearance.
    4. Black: Some Brussels Griffons exhibit a solid black coat. These dogs have a sleek and elegant appearance, with the black coloration providing a striking contrast against their surroundings.
    5. Grizzle: Brussels Griffons with a grizzle coat have a mix of red and black hairs, creating a unique and textured appearance. The grizzle pattern adds depth and dimension to their coat.
    6. Black and Red: While less common, some Brussels Griffons may have a coat that is predominantly black with red markings. These dogs have a striking and eye-catching appearance.

    Brussels Griffons typically have a low shedding level. While they are not heavy shedders, some shedding may occur year-round, with potential fluctuations during seasonal transitions such as spring and fall. Shedding tendencies can vary among Brussels Griffons.

    Factors affecting shedding in Brussels Griffons include genetics, health, and coat condition. Consistent grooming practices, such as brushing once or twice a week with a bristle brush or deshedding tool, can help manage shedding by removing loose fur and maintaining coat health.

    Brussels Griffons have a distinctive rough coat that requires regular grooming to maintain its texture and appearance. Their coat should be brushed and hand-stripped periodically to remove dead hair and maintain proper texture.

    Brushing: Regular brushing with a slicker brush or a comb helps prevent mats and tangles. Hand-stripping should be done every few months to remove dead hair and encourage new growth.

    Bathing: Bathe your Brussels Griffon every 3-4 weeks with a mild dog shampoo to keep their coat clean and fresh. Be sure to thoroughly rinse out all shampoo residue to prevent skin irritation.

    Ears: Check their ears regularly for signs of wax buildup or infection. Clean their ears with a veterinarian-recommended ear cleaning solution, using a cotton ball to gently wipe away any debris.

    Nails: Keep their nails trimmed to a comfortable length to prevent overgrowth and discomfort. Regular nail trimming also helps maintain proper foot health and posture.

    Teeth: Dental care is important for Brussels Griffons. Brush their teeth several times a week with a dog-specific toothbrush and toothpaste to prevent dental issues and bad breath.

    Eye Care: Monitor their eyes for any signs of irritation or discharge. Use a damp cloth to gently clean around their eyes, being careful not to get any product into the eyes.

    Brussels Griffons have a moderate activity level. While they may not be as hyperactive as some other breeds, they do require regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. Here are some key points to consider about their activity level:

    1. Exercise Needs: Brussels Griffons benefit from daily exercise, which can include short walks, indoor play sessions, and interactive toys. Regular activity helps them maintain good muscle tone and mental stimulation.
    2. Energy Level: They are not overly high-energy dogs but do enjoy playtime and mental challenges. Their activity levels may vary based on individual temperament.
    3. Physical Activity: Despite their small size, Brussels Griffons are agile and enjoy activities like agility training and obedience trials. Tailor activities to their size and capabilities.
    4. Mental Stimulation: Mental exercises such as puzzle toys and training sessions are important for keeping Brussels Griffons engaged and preventing boredom.
    5. Exercise Caution: Due to their short snouts, be cautious of exercising Brussels Griffons in extreme weather conditions. Provide adequate shade and water during hot weather and consider indoor activities during cold weather.
    6. Age Consideration: As Brussels Griffons age, their activity level may decrease. Adjust their exercise routine accordingly, considering any health issues or mobility changes.

    Brussels Griffons are known for their moderate intelligence, characterized by problem-solving abilities, adaptability, and a strong desire to please their owners. Here’s a closer look at their intelligence:

    1. Trainability: Brussels Griffons are generally trainable, responding well to positive reinforcement methods. They enjoy learning new tricks and commands, especially when rewarded with treats and praise.
    2. Problem-Solving: These dogs possess a cleverness that enables them to figure out solutions to certain challenges. Their intelligence and curiosity make them adept problem solvers.
    3. Adaptability: Brussels Griffons are adaptable to various living situations, including apartments and houses. They can adjust well to changes in routines and are often described as adaptable companions.
    4. Work and Utility: Originally bred as rat hunters, Brussels Griffons showcase their intelligence and agility in various tasks. While they may be small, they are mighty in their capabilities.
    5. Social Intelligence: Brussels Griffons form strong bonds with their families and are attuned to their owners’ emotions. They may be wary of strangers initially but can warm up quickly with proper socialization.

    Although Brussels Griffons may not rank at the top in formal obedience trials, their intelligence and affectionate nature make them wonderful companions. Consistent training, mental stimulation, and socialization are essential for nurturing their intelligence and ensuring their overall well-being.

    Brussels Griffons thrive on mental stimulation. Engage them in activities that challenge their minds, such as puzzle toys, agility training, or interactive games.

    Social Interaction: They are social dogs and require regular interaction with their human family members. Lack of companionship can lead to boredom or anxiety, so ensure they receive plenty of attention and affection.

    Exercise: Physical activity is important for their overall health and well-being. Schedule daily walks, playtime, or even participate in dog sports to keep them mentally and physically stimulated.

    Training and Obedience: Brussels Griffons are intelligent and respond well to positive reinforcement training methods. Use treats and praise to encourage good behavior and build a strong bond with them.

    Routine and Structure: Establishing a consistent daily routine helps Brussels Griffons feel secure and confident. Stick to a regular schedule for meals, walks, and training sessions.

    Affection and Attention: Show your Brussels Griffon plenty of love and attention. They thrive on human companionship and enjoy being part of family activities.

    Socialization: Early socialization is crucial for Brussels Griffons to prevent behavioral issues. Expose them to different people, pets, and environments to build their confidence and prevent shyness.

    Safe Environment: Create a safe and comfortable environment at home where your Brussels Griffon can relax and feel secure. Provide a cozy bed and a designated space for them to retreat when they need some alone time.

    Consistency: Consistent training and routines are key to a well-behaved Brussels Griffon. Stick to the same rules and schedules to reinforce good behavior and establish trust.

    Enter The Woof Mastery

    Monthly Give Away!
    Enter The Woof Mastery Give Away!
    And win your share of HUNDREDS OF DOLLARS worth of Pet Accessories and Vouchers!

    What to look out for, before you get a Brussels Griffon!

    Brussels Griffon Standing Outdoors

    Before welcoming a Brussels Griffon into your home, it’s crucial to grasp their unique needs. These charming dogs thrive on human companionship and require mental stimulation and play to prevent boredom. Positive reinforcement training is essential to channel their intelligence and strong-willed nature.

    Health-wise, monitoring for respiratory issues and dental care is important for this breed. Potential owners should also be prepared for regular grooming sessions. Responsible ownership entails providing love, attention, and a stimulating environment to ensure the happiness and well-being of these affectionate, lively companions.

    Brussels Griffons, despite their small size, can still present a risk to others if not properly managed. Here are some considerations regarding their potential physical danger:

    1. Protective Instinct: Brussels Griffons may exhibit a protective instinct, especially towards their owners. While this trait can be beneficial, it can also lead to defensive behavior if not properly controlled.
    2. Socialization: Early and consistent socialization is crucial for Brussels Griffons to ensure they are comfortable around people and other animals. Without proper socialization, they may display fear or aggression towards strangers.
    3. Training: Obedience training is essential for Brussels Griffons to learn appropriate behavior and responses to commands. Training can help mitigate any aggressive tendencies and ensure they interact safely with others.
    4. Owner Responsibility: Owners must be responsible for managing their Brussels Griffons, particularly in public settings. It’s essential to monitor their behavior and intervene if necessary to prevent any potential conflicts.
    5. Breed-Specific Legislation (BSL): While not commonly targeted by breed-specific legislation, owners should still be aware of any regulations regarding Brussels Griffons in their area.
    6. Individual Variability: Each Brussels Griffon has its own personality and temperament, so behavior can vary. Responsible ownership, proper training, and socialization are key in minimizing any risk they may pose to others.

    While Brussels Griffons are often known for their lively and affectionate nature towards their families, making them potential companions for households with children. However, their interactions with children should always be supervised, especially with young children, as with any breed of dog. Here are some considerations regarding Brussels Griffons and their behavior with children:

    1. Protective Instinct: Brussels Griffons may exhibit a protective instinct towards children in their family. Despite their small size, they can be courageous and devoted, making them reliable guardians.
    2. Affectionate: They often form strong bonds with children and enjoy participating in activities with them. Brussels Griffons are playful and can provide endless entertainment for kids.
    3. Socialization: Early socialization is essential to help Brussels Griffons feel comfortable around children. Exposing them to different environments and experiences can prevent shyness or fearfulness.
    4. Training: Basic obedience training is important to teach Brussels Griffons how to interact appropriately with children. They should learn commands like “sit” and “leave it” to ensure safe and respectful behavior.
    5. Supervision: Continuous supervision is necessary when Brussels Griffons are around children, particularly due to their small size. Children should be taught to handle them gently and avoid rough play.
    6. Individual Variability: Each Brussels Griffon may have a unique temperament. While the breed is generally affectionate, individual dogs may vary in their behavior towards children.
    7. Respect for Space: Children should be taught to respect the Brussels Griffon’s space and understand when the dog needs rest. Providing a cozy bed or crate can offer the dog a safe retreat.

    Brussels Griffons are generally capable swimmers, but like all dogs, their swimming ability can vary from one individual to another. Here are some factors to consider regarding their ability to swim:

    1. Natural Instinct: Many dogs have a natural instinct for swimming, and Brussels Griffons may exhibit this instinct. They may enjoy being in the water and can paddle and stay afloat.
    2. Physical Build: Brussels Griffons have a small and compact build, which may affect their swimming ability. Their short muzzle and flat face can make it challenging for them to keep their heads above water, so caution is advised when introducing them to swimming.
    3. Comfort Level: The extent to which a Brussels Griffon enjoys swimming can vary. Some may eagerly take to the water, while others may be more cautious or hesitant.
    4. Supervision: Whenever introducing a dog, including Brussels Griffons, to water, it’s important to supervise them closely. Even dogs with good swimming abilities can become tired or disoriented in the water.
    5. Life Vest: If you plan to take your Brussels Griffon swimming, especially in open water or deep pools, consider using a canine life vest. This adds an extra layer of safety and buoyancy.
    6. Positive Introduction: To encourage swimming, provide positive and gradual introductions to water. Allow your Brussels Griffon to wade in shallow areas and build their confidence.
    7. Safety Precautions: Be aware of potential hazards, such as strong currents or underwater obstacles, when allowing your dog to swim.

    While many Brussels Griffons can swim and may enjoy the water, it’s important to gauge your individual dog’s comfort level and abilities. If you plan to introduce your Brussels Griffon to swimming, do so in a safe and controlled environment, and always prioritize their safety and well-being.

    1. Start Early: Begin training as early as possible. Brussels Griffon puppies are like sponges, and their ability to learn is at its peak during their early months.
    2. Socialization: Expose your Brussels Griffon puppy to a wide range of people, animals, and environments to help them become well-adjusted adults. Socialization is crucial for reducing fear and aggression.
    3. Positive Reinforcement: Use positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats, praise, and toys, to reward and reinforce good behavior in your Brussels Griffon puppy. This approach is effective and builds a strong bond between you and your furry companion.
    4. Consistency: Be consistent with your training methods and commands for your Brussels Griffon puppy. Use the same cues and rewards consistently to avoid confusion.
    5. Basic Commands: Teach essential commands like “sit,” “stay,” “come,” and “leave it” to your Brussels Griffon puppy. These commands are the building blocks of obedience and safety.
    6. House Training: Be patient and consistent when house training your Brussels Griffon puppy. Establish a routine for bathroom breaks and praise them when they eliminate outside.
    7. Crate Training: Crate training can be a valuable tool for housebreaking and providing a safe space for your Brussels Griffon puppy. Make the crate a positive and comfortable place for them.
    8. Social Skills: Encourage positive interactions with other dogs and people to develop good social skills in your Brussels Griffon puppy. Puppy classes and playdates can be helpful.
    9. Exercise and Play: Brussels Griffon puppies have energy to burn. Ensure they get enough exercise and playtime to prevent boredom and destructive behavior.
    10. Chewing: Provide appropriate chew toys to satisfy their need to chew and prevent them from chewing on furniture or belongings.
    11. Patience and Persistence: Training takes time, and Brussels Griffon puppies may not grasp commands immediately. Be patient and persistent, and avoid punishment-based training methods.
    12. Professional Training: If you encounter challenges or need additional guidance, consider enrolling your Brussels Griffon puppy in a professional training class led by a qualified dog trainer.

    Remember that Brussels Griffon puppies, like all puppies, are eager to please and learn. Positive and consistent training practices will help them become well-behaved, obedient, and happy adult dogs. Building a strong and trusting bond with your puppy through training is a rewarding experience for both you and your furry friend.

    Brussels Griffons, like all dogs, can produce various noises and vocalizations as part of their communication and daily activities. Here are some common noises they may make:

    1. Barking: Brussels Griffons may bark to alert their owners to something unusual or to express excitement. While they are not considered excessively barky, they may bark when they sense a perceived threat.
    2. Snoring: Due to their facial structure, some Brussels Griffons may snore, especially when they are sleeping deeply. This is a common trait among dogs with short muzzles.
    3. Hiccups: Dogs, including Brussels Griffons, can experience hiccups, which are usually harmless and may occur after eating or drinking too quickly. Hiccups in dogs tend to resolve on their own.
    4. Growling: Growling can be a form of communication for dogs. Brussels Griffons may growl when they are feeling threatened, uncomfortable, or during play. It’s essential to understand the context in which the growling occurs.
    5. Howling: While not as common as in some other breeds, Brussels Griffons may occasionally howl in response to certain sounds or stimuli. Howling can also be a form of communication.
    6. Whining: Whining is another way dogs express their needs or desires. Brussels Griffons may whine when they are anxious, in pain, or seeking attention.
    7. Moaning or Groaning: Some Brussels Griffons may make moaning or groaning sounds, especially when they are stretching or getting up from a lying position. This is often normal and not a cause for concern.
    8. Playful Sounds: During play, Brussels Griffons may make various playful sounds, such as grunts, playful barks, and excited vocalizations, to communicate their enjoyment.

    It’s important for owners to pay attention to their Brussels Griffon’s vocalizations and understand the context in which they occur. While some noises are normal and harmless, others may indicate discomfort or a need for attention. Positive reinforcement training can help manage and modify their vocal behaviors as needed.

    Brussels Griffons thrive in homes with affectionate families, opportunities for companionship, and a cozy environment. They may face challenges in environments lacking social interaction or where their need for attention is not fulfilled. Providing proper care, attention, and a nurturing atmosphere contribute to their well-being and happiness.

    1. Loving Families: Brussels Griffons are known for their affectionate and loyal nature. They thrive in homes where they are treated as valued members of the family and receive plenty of love and attention.
    2. Companionship: They enjoy the company of their human companions and do best in homes where they have constant companionship. Regular interaction and bonding time are essential for their happiness.
    3. Cozy Environment: Brussels Griffons appreciate comfortable and warm surroundings. Homes with soft bedding, cozy blankets, and safe spaces for relaxation provide an ideal environment for them.
    4. Structured Routine: Establishing a predictable routine helps Brussels Griffons feel secure and reduces anxiety. Regular meal times, walks, and play sessions contribute to their overall well-being.
    5. Positive Reinforcement Training: They respond well to positive reinforcement training methods. Consistent training and mental stimulation help keep their minds engaged and prevent boredom.


    1. Loneliness: Brussels Griffons may experience separation anxiety if left alone for long periods. They thrive in homes where they have constant companionship and interaction throughout the day.
    2. Lack of Attention: They crave attention and affection from their human family members. Homes where they do not receive sufficient love and attention may lead to behavioral issues.
    3. Temperature Sensitivity: Brussels Griffons may be sensitive to extreme temperatures due to their small size and short coat. They may need protection from both cold and hot weather conditions.
    4. Grooming Requirements: Their rough or smooth coats require regular grooming to keep them looking their best. Homes willing to invest time in grooming upkeep are well-suited for Brussels Griffons.
    5. Social Interaction: They enjoy the company of other dogs and may benefit from regular socialization opportunities with both humans and other pets. Homes where they have opportunities for socialization are ideal.

    When it comes to travel fatality risk for Brussels Griffons, consider the following potential constraints:

    1. Heat Sensitivity: Brussels Griffons have a short muzzle, which can make them more sensitive to heat. Traveling during hot weather or leaving them in a parked car in warm conditions can pose a significant risk. Ensure that the travel environment has proper ventilation and temperature control to prevent overheating.
    2. Size and Space: Despite being small, Brussels Griffons may still require sufficient space for comfort during travel. Check for suitable accommodations in airlines or vehicles to ensure they can move around comfortably.
    3. Behavior and Anxiety: Some Brussels Griffons may experience anxiety or stress during travel, especially if it’s their first time or if they’ve had negative experiences before. Proper training, socialization, and using familiar items (like their crate or favorite toys) can help alleviate travel-related anxiety.
    4. Rest Stops: During long car journeys, frequent breaks are essential for Brussels Griffons to stretch their legs, hydrate, and relieve themselves. Plan travel routes with suitable rest stops to ensure their comfort and safety.
    5. Restraint: Unrestrained dogs in vehicles can be a safety hazard. Secure your Brussels Griffon in a crate or with a seatbelt harness designed for small breeds to prevent them from moving around or causing distractions while you’re driving.
    6. Air Travel Precautions: If flying with your Brussels Griffon, research airline policies and choose an airline with appropriate safety measures for small breeds. Ensure the crate used for air travel meets the size and safety requirements specified by the airline.
    7. Proper Identification: Make sure your Brussels Griffon wears a secure collar with identification tags and has a microchip with up-to-date information in case of accidental separation during travel.

    By addressing these potential constraints and taking necessary precautions, you can help ensure the safe travel of your Brussels Griffon and minimize travel-related risks.

    Brussels Griffons may be prone to specific health concerns. While not all individuals will experience these issues, it’s essential for Brussels Griffon owners to be aware of potential health problems and work with veterinarians to maintain their pets’ well-being. Common health concerns in Brussels Griffons include:

    1. Brachycephalic Syndrome: Due to their short muzzle, Brussels Griffons can have breathing difficulties, leading to snoring, snorting, and exercise intolerance. This condition can be severe and require surgical correction in some cases.
    2. Patellar Luxation: A condition where the kneecap dislocates from its normal position, causing lameness and discomfort.
    3. Eye Issues: Brussels Griffons may be susceptible to various eye conditions such as cataracts, corneal ulcers, and progressive retinal atrophy (PRA).
    4. Heart Murmurs: Some Brussels Griffons may develop heart murmurs, which can indicate underlying heart conditions such as mitral valve disease.
    5. Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA): A congenital heart defect where a blood vessel fails to close after birth, leading to abnormal blood flow and heart failure if left untreated.
    6. Obesity: Due to their small size and charming demeanor, Brussels Griffons can be overfed easily, leading to obesity and related health issues.
    7. Heat Sensitivity: Brussels Griffons are sensitive to heat due to their short snouts, which can predispose them to heatstroke in hot weather.
    8. Dental Issues: Brussels Griffons may be prone to dental problems such as periodontal disease and tooth decay if dental care is neglected.
    9. Skin Fold Dermatitis: The folds of skin on Brussels Griffons’ faces can trap moisture and bacteria, leading to skin infections and irritation.
    10. Brachycephalic Airway Obstruction Syndrome (BAOS): A combination of anatomical abnormalities in brachycephalic breeds like Brussels Griffons, leading to breathing difficulties and respiratory distress.
    11. Deafness: Some Brussels Griffons may inherit congenital deafness, which can affect their quality of life and require special training and care.
    12. Allergies: Brussels Griffons may develop allergies to environmental factors (e.g., pollen, dust mites) or certain foods, resulting in skin irritation and other symptoms.
    13. Joint Problems: Brussels Griffons can be susceptible to joint issues such as hip dysplasia and luxating patellas.
    14. Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD): This spinal condition is common in small breeds like Brussels Griffons, causing pain, paralysis, and neurological deficits.
    15. Hypothyroidism: A hormonal condition where the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone, leading to weight gain, lethargy, and skin problems.

    Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, proper exercise, and responsible breeding practices can help mitigate some of these health concerns. It’s crucial for Brussels Griffon owners to work closely with their veterinarians to monitor their pets’ health and address any issues promptly.

    Proper nutrition is crucial for the health and well-being of Brussels Griffons. Here are some nutritional habits and best practices to consider for this breed:

    1. High-Quality Dog Food: Choose a high-quality commercial dog food that meets the nutritional requirements specified by organizations like the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO). Look for a brand that lists a high-quality source of animal protein as the first ingredient.
    2. Age-Appropriate Food: Brussels Griffons have different nutritional needs at various life stages. Puppy food is formulated to support growth, while adult and senior formulas cater to the needs of mature dogs. Ensure you’re feeding the appropriate formula for your dog’s age.
    3. Protein: Brussels Griffons benefit from a diet with a moderate to high protein content. Protein supports muscle maintenance and overall health. Look for sources like chicken, beef, or fish.
    4. Balanced Diet: A balanced diet should include not only protein but also fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. Avoid foods with excessive fillers and artificial additives.
    5. Portion Control: Be mindful of portion sizes to prevent overfeeding, which can lead to obesity. Follow the feeding guidelines on the dog food packaging and adjust based on your dog’s age, activity level, and individual metabolism.
    6. Fresh Water: Always provide clean, fresh water for your Brussels Griffon. Hydration is essential for overall health and digestion.
    7. Avoid Table Scraps: Avoid feeding your dog table scraps, as human food can be harmful or even toxic to dogs. Stick to a consistent diet of high-quality dog food.
    8. Treats: Use treats in moderation for training and rewards. Opt for healthy, dog-specific treats or make your own using safe ingredients.
    9. Consult Your Veterinarian: Consult with your veterinarian to determine the best diet and feeding schedule for your Brussels Griffon. They can provide guidance based on your dog’s specific needs and any health concerns.
    10. Special Dietary Needs: Some Brussels Griffons may have dietary restrictions or allergies. If your dog has specific dietary needs, work with your vet to choose appropriate foods.
    11. Weight Management: Maintain a healthy weight for your Brussels Griffon to prevent obesity-related health issues. Regular exercise and portion control are key components of weight management.
    12. Regular Check-Ups: Schedule regular veterinary check-ups to monitor your dog’s overall health, including their weight and dietary needs. Your vet can provide guidance on any necessary dietary adjustments.

    Breed-Specific Laws (BSL): Brussels Griffons may be subject to breed-specific laws (BSL) in certain areas. These laws are often enacted at the local or municipal level and can vary widely from one jurisdiction to another.

    Types of Restrictions: The specific restrictions imposed on Brussels Griffons under BSL can include mandatory spaying/neutering, special licensing, liability insurance requirements, muzzling in public, and, in some cases, bans on ownership. The severity of these restrictions depends on local regulations.

    Rationale for BSL: BSL is typically implemented based on concerns about public safety and perceived risks associated with specific breeds, often due to incidents involving dog attacks. While Brussels Griffons are not inherently aggressive, they can be affected by BSL due to their physical resemblance to breeds that are sometimes included in these laws.

    Controversy: It’s important to note that BSL is a controversial topic. Critics argue that it unfairly targets breeds rather than addressing individual dog behavior and that responsible ownership and training should be emphasized instead of breed-specific restrictions.

    Local Regulations: To determine if there are breed-specific laws or restrictions regarding Brussels Griffons in your area, you should check with your local animal control or government authorities. Be aware of and comply with any local regulations to ensure that you are in compliance with the law while owning a Brussels Griffon.

    Woof Mastery is reader supported and our articles may contain affiliate links. 

    Instead of running third party ads that we have no control of we only use links from high-quality companies we are directly partnered with. Making use of these links come at no cost to you our reader, and in many cases have the extra benefit of discounted rates or sign up bonuses.

    If you’re interested you can read more about our affiliate policy here.

    We appreciate your support and always insure that the products and services we recommend are high-quality, helpful and relevant to the subject at hand!

    Fun Facts About The Brussels Griffon

    Myth 1: Brussels Griffons are Aggressive by Nature

    • Truth: Brussels Griffons are generally affectionate and lively companions. While individual temperament may vary, they are not typically aggressive dogs. Proper socialization and training are essential to ensure they develop into well-behaved pets.

    Myth 2: They Require High-Maintenance Grooming

    • Truth: Brussels Griffons have a unique coat that requires regular grooming, but it’s not overly demanding. Routine brushing and occasional trimming keep their coat looking tidy without excessive effort.

    Myth 3: Brussels Griffons are Not Good with Children

    • Truth: Many Brussels Griffons are affectionate and playful with children, making them suitable family pets. However, supervision is always recommended to ensure positive interactions between the dog and children. Early socialization helps foster a strong bond between Brussels Griffons and kids.

    Myth 4: They Are Not Intelligent Dogs

    • Truth: Brussels Griffons are intelligent and quick learners. They excel in obedience training and enjoy mental stimulation through interactive games and activities. With proper training, they can perform tricks and commands with ease.

    Myth 5: They Cannot Live Peacefully with Other Pets

    • Truth: Brussels Griffons can get along well with other pets if introduced and socialized properly. Their friendly and sociable nature allows them to form positive relationships with other animals, including dogs and cats.

    Myth 6: They are High-Energy Dogs

    • Truth: Brussels Griffons have moderate energy levels and enjoy playtime and short walks. While they can be lively and spirited, they are not excessively hyperactive and can adapt well to various living situations.

    Myth 7: They Are Prone to Separation Anxiety

    • Truth: Brussels Griffons can develop separation anxiety if left alone for long periods without proper training and socialization. However, with gradual desensitization and teaching independence, they can learn to cope with being alone.

    Myth 8: They are Not Suitable for Novice Owners

    • Truth: Brussels Griffons can be suitable for novice owners who are committed to meeting their needs. While they may require consistent training and socialization, their affectionate nature and adaptability make them rewarding companions for individuals and families alike.

    Myth 9: They are Fragile Dogs

    • Truth: Despite their small size, Brussels Griffons are sturdy and robust dogs. With proper care and regular veterinary check-ups, they can live long and healthy lives.

    Myth 10: They are Not Playful

    • Truth: Brussels Griffons are known for their playful and mischievous personality. They enjoy engaging in interactive games and activities with their owners, making them entertaining companions to have around.

    These myths highlight the importance of understanding the true nature and characteristics of Brussels Griffons. With proper care and attention, they can make wonderful companions for individuals and families alike.

    1. Brussels Griffon: Brussels Griffon Ruby: Ruby, the Brussels Griffon, is a true character with her expressive face and spirited personality. She brings laughter and love to her family with her playful antics and unwavering loyalty.
    2. Brussels Griffon: Brussels Griffon Oscar: Oscar, the Brussels Griffon, is a little gentleman with a heart of gold. His dignified demeanor and affectionate nature make him a beloved companion, bringing happiness to his family’s home each day.
    3. Brussels Griffon: Brussels Griffon Rosie: Rosie, the Brussels Griffon, is a ray of sunshine with her sweet nature and gentle spirit. She fills her family’s home with warmth and love, brightening even the darkest of days with her presence.

    These Brussels Griffons, with their unique looks and endearing personalities, are treasured members of their families, bringing joy and companionship wherever they go.

    The Brussels Griffon holds cultural significance in various contexts:

    1. Mascots and Symbols: Brussels Griffons, or dogs resembling them, are often used as mascots and symbols in various cultural representations. Their distinctive appearance and lively personality symbolize charm and character, making them popular choices for representing individuality and wit.
    2. Breed in Art and Media: Brussels Griffons have appeared in art, literature, and media, showcasing their endearing personality and expressive faces. Their portrayal as affectionate and spirited companions has endeared them to audiences worldwide.
    3. Working Dogs: Historically, Brussels Griffons served as skilled ratters and companions to Belgian coachmen. Their role as loyal and alert companions contributed to their cultural significance in urban settings.
    4. Companion Animals: In modern times, Brussels Griffons have become cherished family pets. Their affectionate nature and unique appearance make them ideal companions for individuals seeking a loyal and entertaining canine friend.
    5. Rescue and Advocacy: Brussels Griffon rescue organizations and advocates work tirelessly to promote the welfare of the breed. Their efforts help raise awareness about responsible pet ownership and provide support for Brussels Griffons in need of homes.
    6. Symbol of Character: The Brussels Griffon’s distinctive appearance and lively disposition have made it a symbol of character and charm. Its expressive face and confident demeanor capture the hearts of admirers, making it a beloved breed in the world of canine companionship.
    7. Tattoo Art: Brussels Griffon images are popular choices for tattoos among enthusiasts. Their unique features and playful expression lend themselves well to artistic interpretation, often symbolizing personality and individuality.
    8. Breed Preservation: Breed enthusiasts and organizations are dedicated to preserving the Brussels Griffon’s unique traits and promoting responsible breeding practices. Their commitment ensures that future generations can continue to enjoy the companionship of this delightful breed.

    While there may not be as many famous Brussels Griffon owners as there are for other dog breeds, here are a few notable individuals who have been associated with Brussels Griffons:

    1. Sylvia Plath: The celebrated poet and author Sylvia Plath had a special bond with Brussels Griffons. She often wrote about her beloved Brussels Griffon companions in her journals and poems, describing them as loyal and comforting presences in her life.
    2. Rene Magritte: The surrealist artist Rene Magritte was a devoted owner of Brussels Griffons. His whimsical paintings often featured Brussels Griffons as symbolic figures, reflecting his deep affection for the breed.
    3. Uma Thurman: The actress Uma Thurman is known for her love of Brussels Griffons. She has been photographed numerous times with her Brussels Griffon companions, whom she considers beloved members of her family.

    Brussels Griffons, like many other dog breeds, have faced several threats and challenges over the years. Some of the significant threats and issues that have affected the breed include:

    1. Extinction Risk: Brussels Griffons faced a critical decline in numbers during periods of political instability, risking extinction due to loss of breeding stock and recognition.
    2. Breed-Specific Legislation (BSL): Despite their small size and charming personality, Brussels Griffons have been subject to breed-specific legislation (BSL) in certain areas, resulting in ownership restrictions and misconceptions about their behavior.
    3. Misconceptions: Misconceptions about Brussels Griffons being solely fashion accessories have hindered their recognition as intelligent and affectionate companions.
    4. Health Concerns: Brussels Griffons are prone to certain health issues such as brachycephalic syndrome and respiratory problems, necessitating responsible breeding practices and attentive care from owners.
    5. Irresponsible Breeding: Irresponsible breeding practices aimed at meeting demand for specific coat colors or exaggerated features have compromised the health and welfare of Brussels Griffons.
    6. Lack of Awareness: Despite their expressive faces and spirited demeanor, Brussels Griffons remain relatively unknown outside of certain circles, resulting in limited appreciation and understanding of their unique qualities.

    The Brussels Griffon is believed to have been developed from a combination of various breeds, with the primary ancestors being the Affenpinscher and various toy breeds. The breed’s development occurred over several decades, with influences from different regional strains and breed types. The specific breeds and strains that contributed to the Brussels Griffon’s development include:

    1. Affenpinscher: The Affenpinscher was the foundation breed for the Brussels Griffon. This breed contributed to the Brussels Griffon’s wiry coat, lively personality, and expressive facial features.
    2. Pug: Various Pugs were likely bred with the Affenpinscher to create the Brussels Griffon. These Pugs contributed to the breed’s distinctive head shape, large eyes, and affectionate nature.
    3. English Toy Spaniel: Some historical records suggest that the English Toy Spaniel may have been used to introduce certain coat colors and patterns to the Brussels Griffon’s lineage.
    4. Japanese Chin: There is speculation that Japanese Chin blood may have been introduced to enhance the Brussels Griffon’s elegant appearance and graceful movements.
    Check out Woofwear, where you will find our custom designed and stylish Brussels Griffon merch!

    Why you're going to love the Brussels Griffon

    Brussels Griffons epitomize the essence of cherished companionship and unwavering devotion. With their unique appearance and endearing personalities, they seamlessly integrate into our lives, becoming cherished members of our families. Their lively disposition and affectionate nature bring joy and warmth to every moment, their unwavering loyalty forging a bond that lasts a lifetime.

    Their intelligence and adaptability make them ideal companions for individuals and families alike, effortlessly adjusting to various living conditions and lifestyles. As devoted companions, they offer unwavering support and companionship, enriching our lives with their boundless love.

    Beyond their distinctive look, Brussels Griffons offer an unparalleled gift—the gift of unconditional love. They fill our days with laughter and happiness, their presence a constant reminder of the beauty of companionship. Embracing a Brussels Griffon into your life means opening your heart to a lifetime of joy and devotion, creating cherished memories that endure for years to come.

    Now, we invite you to experience the extraordinary love and companionship that Brussels Griffons have to offer. Welcome these remarkable dogs into your life, and let them enrich your days with their unwavering affection and spirited personality.

    Be sure to check out the other Paw-some pups we have reviewed!

    Abruzzese Mastiff headshot portrait
    Abruzzese Mastiff (Mastino Abruzzese)
    Affenpinscher portrait headshot
    Afghan Hound Portrait
    Afghan Hound
    Agouti Husky Portrait
    Agouti Husky
    Airedale Terrier portrait headshot
    Airedale Terrier
    A Portrait of an Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog
    Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog
    Alaskan Husky Portrait
    Alaskan Husky
    Alaskan Klee Kai Portrait
    Alaskan Klee Kai
    Alaskan Malamute featured image
    Alaskan Malamute
    Albanian Hound Portrait
    Albanian Hound
    Alpine Spaniel Portrait (2)
    Alpine Spaniel (Switzerland)
    American Akita Portrait
    American Akita
    Portrait of a American Bulldog
    American Bulldog
    Portrait of an American Bully
    American Bully
    American Cocker Spaniel Portrait
    American Cocker Spaniel
    American English Coonhound Portrait
    American English Coonhound
    American Eskimo Dog (Mini & Toy) Portrait
    American Eskimo Dog (Mini and Toy)
    American Eskimo Dog (Standard) Portrait
    American Eskimo Dog (Standard)
    American Foxhound Portrait
    American Foxhound
    American Hairless Terrier portrait headshot
    American Hairless Terrier