The Pembroke Welsh Corgi: Your complete guide!

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi, a charming and lively breed, known for its unwavering loyalty and distinctive appearance, has earned its place in the hearts of dog enthusiasts and families. With a heritage in Wales, adorable physical features, and a unique set of temperament traits, this breed is celebrated as an affectionate and versatile companion.

Pembroke Welsh Corgi portrait
Cute | Spirited | Herding
Table of Contents
    Add a header to begin generating the table of contents

    Everything you need to know about the Pembroke Welsh Corgi!

    Category (Explanation)Breed Information
    Year of Breed Conception12th century
    Country of OriginWales, United Kingdom
    Weight (lbs & kg) (Male)28-30 lbs (12.5-13.5 kg)
    Weight (lbs & kg) (Female)25-28 lbs (11-12.5 kg)
    Coat TypeMedium-length double coat
    Color VariationsVarious colors, often red or tri-color
    Shedding Level (Low, Moderate, High)Moderate
    Height (cm & in)10-12 inches (25-30 cm)
    Breed SizeSmall
    Trainability (Low, Moderate, High)High
    Mental Needs (Low, Moderate, High)Moderate
    Intelligence Level (Low, Moderate, High)High
    Energy Level (Low, Moderate, High)Moderate
    Agility (Low, Moderate, High)Moderate
    Loyalty (Low, Moderate, High)High
    Playfulness (Low, Moderate, High)Moderate
    Exercise NeedsRegular exercise and mental stimulation
    Guarding Proficiency (Low, Moderate, High)Low
    Sociability with Children (Low, Moderate, High)High
    Barking Level (Low, Moderate, High)Moderate
    Digging Tendency (Low, Moderate, High)Low
    Destructive Behavior (Low, Moderate, High)Low
    Drooling Level (Low, Moderate, High)Low
    Obedience Level (Low, Moderate, High)High
    Apartment Friendly (Yes/No)Can adapt to apartment living with sufficient exercise
    Inherent Prey DriveModerate
    Physical Risk to Others (Low, Moderate, High)Low
    Travel Fatality Risk (Low, Moderate, High)Low
    Allergen PotentialLow
    Health Concerns (List of Common Health Concerns)Hip Dysplasia, Eye Issues, Intervertebral Disc Disease
    Average Life Expectancy (Life Expectancy in Years)12-13 years
    Make sure to take care of your Pembroke Welsh Corgi and

    Woof Mastery is reader supported and our articles may contain affiliate links. 

    Instead of running third party ads that we have no control of we only use links from high-quality companies we are directly partnered with. Making use of these links come at no cost to you our reader, and in many cases have the extra benefit of discounted rates or sign up bonuses.

    If you’re interested you can read more about our affiliate policy here.

    We appreciate your support and always insure that the products and services we recommend are high-quality, helpful and relevant to the subject at hand!

    History of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi

    The Pembroke Welsh Corgi’s history is deeply intertwined with Welsh folklore and herding traditions. These dogs have been herding livestock in the hills of Wales for centuries.

    Their low stature allowed them to nip at the heels of cattle and sheep without getting kicked. They were cherished for their herding abilities and loyalty to their human companions.

    Today, Pembroke Welsh Corgis are celebrated for their friendly and spirited nature. They have become beloved family pets, embodying the charm and heritage of Wales.

    What makes the Pembroke Welsh Corgi so special?

    Pembroke Welsh Corgi panting on the grass

    What sets the Pembroke Welsh Corgi apart is its charming appearance and playful personality. These herders may be small, but their intelligence and affection make them exceptional companions for individuals and families alike.

    Pembroke Welsh Corgis have a history as herding dogs in Wales. Despite their small size, they exhibited exceptional herding instincts, nipping at the heels of cattle and other livestock. Their low stature allowed them to avoid kicks from livestock. Today, they maintain their herding abilities in dog sports and are treasured family pets, preserving their tradition as agile and dependable working dogs.

    Pembroke Welsh Corgis are known for their spirited and affectionate personalities. They are intelligent, agile, and have a strong desire to please their owners. Despite their small size, they have a history of herding cattle.

    Their intelligence and trainability make them quick learners, and they form strong bonds with their human families. Pembroke Welsh Corgis are characterized by their playfulness, devotion, and a loving nature, epitomizing the ideal blend of agility and companionship.

    Pembroke Welsh Corgis are affectionate, alert, and intelligent. They are typically good with children and other pets but can be reserved with strangers. Early socialization helps them adapt well to various situations.

    They require mental and physical stimulation to stay happy.

    Pembroke Welsh Corgis are small to medium-sized dogs with a well-proportioned and sturdy build. They have a fox-like head with alert, dark eyes and erect, pointed ears.

    They have a double coat with a dense, weather-resistant outer coat. Coat colors can include red, sable, brindle, black, and blue merle with white markings. Their tail is often naturally bobbed or short.

    Males typically stand between 10 to 12 inches (25-30 cm) at the shoulder and weigh between 27 to 30 pounds (12-14 kg), while females are slightly smaller and lighter.

    Pembroke Welsh Corgis have a lively and alert presence, reflecting their herding heritage.

    Pembroke Welsh Corgis exhibit various coat colors, including red, sable, brindle, black, and blue merle, often with white markings. They may not have distinct coat colors.

    Pembroke Welsh Corgis typically exhibit solid coat colors in red, sable, brindle, black, or blue merle with white markings rather than distinct coat patterns.

    Pembroke Welsh Corgis have a moderate shedding level. They shed year-round with seasonal variations. Regular grooming and brushing can help reduce shedding and maintain a healthy coat.

    Pembroke Welsh Corgis have a double coat that requires regular grooming to keep it healthy and minimize shedding. Grooming habits for this breed include:

    1. Brushing: Regular brushing, about once or twice a week, is essential to prevent matting and remove loose fur. Use a slicker brush or an undercoat rake for thorough grooming.

    2. Bathing: Corgis do not need frequent baths, as their natural oils help maintain coat health. Bathe them when necessary using a dog-specific shampoo, and rinse thoroughly.

    3. Ears: Check and clean their ears regularly to prevent wax buildup or infections using a veterinarian-recommended ear cleaning solution.

    4. Nails: Keep their nails trimmed to a comfortable length to maintain proper gait and prevent discomfort.

    5. Teeth: Dental hygiene is important. Brush their teeth regularly to prevent dental issues and bad breath. Dental chews or toys can also help.

    6. Tail and Paw Care: Pay attention to the tail and paw areas, where dirt and debris can accumulate. Keep them clean and inspect for any signs of irritation or injury.

    Pembroke Welsh Corgis have a moderate to high activity level and enjoy both physical and mental challenges. Key points about their activity level include:

    1. Exercise Needs: Pembroke Welsh Corgis require regular exercise to stay happy and healthy. Daily walks, playtime, and interactive activities are beneficial.

    2. Energy Level: They have moderate to high energy levels, especially when young. Regular exercise helps maintain their well-being.

    3. Herding Heritage: Historically, Pembroke Welsh Corgis were bred for herding livestock. They excel in activities like obedience, agility, and herding trials.

    4. Mental Stimulation: In addition to physical activity, mental challenges through training and puzzle toys are important to keep them mentally sharp.

    5. Family Dogs: They are known to be excellent family pets and enjoy activities with their human companions, such as agility and obedience.

    Beaucerons are highly intelligent dogs known for their problem-solving abilities. Here are some key points about their intelligence:

    1. Trainability: Beaucerons are highly trainable and excel in obedience training. They quickly learn complex commands and tasks, making them suitable for various roles.
    2. Problem-Solving: They exhibit strong problem-solving skills, which are valuable in working roles that require quick thinking and adaptability.
    3. Adaptability: Beaucerons are adaptable to different living environments, adding to their versatility as companions.
    4. Work and Utility: Historically bred for herding and guarding, their intelligence is an asset in responding to cues and commands efficiently.
    5. Social Intelligence: Beaucerons form strong bonds with their families and are attentive to human emotions. They are loyal and protective.

    Beaucerons’ exceptional intelligence and versatility make them excel in a variety of roles. Training, socialization, and mental stimulation are vital for their development and well-being.

    Pembroke Welsh Corgis are intelligent and need mental stimulation. Engage them in obedience training, puzzle toys, and interactive games to keep their minds sharp.

    Social Interaction: They are social dogs and need regular interaction with their human family. Loneliness can lead to anxiety or destructive behavior, so provide companionship and attention.

    Exercise: Mental exercise is equally important. Offer them tasks that challenge their problem-solving skills.

    Training and Obedience: Pembroke Welsh Corgis benefit from obedience training and activities that engage their minds, which not only stimulates their mental needs but also reinforces their bond with their owners.

    Enter The Woof Mastery

    Monthly Give Away!
    Enter The Woof Mastery Give Away!
    And win your share of HUNDREDS OF DOLLARS worth of Pet Accessories and Vouchers!

    What to look out for, before you get a Pembroke Welsh Corgi!

    Pembroke Welsh Corgi panting

    If you’re considering a Pembroke Welsh Corgi, here are some important factors to know:

    1. Activity Level: Corgis are active dogs that require regular exercise and mental stimulation.

    2. Training Commitment: They are intelligent but can be stubborn, so consistent training is important.

    3. Space: Corgis adapt well to smaller living spaces but need outdoor playtime.

    4. Shedding: They have a moderate shedding level, and regular grooming helps manage their coat.

    5. Herding Instinct: Corgis may display herding behaviors, such as nipping at heels.

    Pembroke Welsh Corgis, while small in size, may pose a physical risk to others if not properly socialized, trained, or managed. The risk assessment factors include:

    1. Protective Instinct: Corgis may have a protective instinct, especially towards their family or territory. Proper training is essential to manage this instinct.

    2. Socialization: Early and thorough socialization is crucial to ensure Corgis are comfortable around people and other animals. Poor socialization can lead to fear or aggression.

    3. Training: Obedience training is essential to teach Corgis appropriate behavior and ensure they respond to commands. Well-trained dogs are less likely to engage in aggressive behavior.

    4. Owner Responsibility: Responsible ownership involves being aware of the dog’s behavior and taking necessary precautions in public settings.

    5. Breed-Specific Legislation (BSL): Corgis are not commonly subject to BSL, but owners should be aware of local regulations.

    6. Individual Variability: Each dog is unique, and behavior can vary. Responsible ownership, proper training, and socialization are key to minimizing the potential physical risk to others.

    Pembroke Welsh Corgis are often good with children. They are affectionate and enjoy playtime. Their herding background may make them try to herd kids, but this behavior is generally manageable. Proper socialization is crucial for their interactions with children.

    Pembroke Welsh Corgis can be good swimmers, despite their shorter legs. They often enjoy being in the water and can paddle. However, always be cautious with their safety in the water and provide close supervision, especially if they are swimming in deep or strong currents.

    1. Early Training: Commence training your Pembroke Welsh Corgi puppy early to take advantage of their intelligence and learning potential.
    2. Socialization: Expose your puppy to various people, animals, and settings to ensure they become well-adjusted adults.
    3. Positive Reinforcement: Use treats, praise, and toys to reward good behavior and strengthen your bond with your puppy.
    4. Consistency: Maintain consistency in your training methods and cues to prevent confusion.
    5. Basic Commands: Teach essential commands like “sit,” “stay,” “come,” and “leave it” for obedience and safety.
    6. House Training: Establish a regular routine for potty breaks and offer praise for outdoor elimination to housetrain your puppy.
    7. Crate Training: Use crate training to create a secure and comfortable space for your puppy, building positive associations with the crate.
    8. Social Skills: Encourage positive interactions with other dogs and people to develop good social skills.
    9. Exercise and Play: Ensure your Pembroke Welsh Corgi puppy receives ample exercise and playtime to prevent restlessness.
    10. Chewing: Provide suitable chew toys to satisfy their need to chew and protect your belongings.
    11. Patience and Persistence: Training may take time; be patient and avoid punitive methods.
    12. Professional Training: Consider professional training classes if you encounter challenges or need additional guidance.

    Early and positive training will help your Pembroke Welsh Corgi puppy become a well-behaved and devoted companion.

    Pembroke Welsh Corgis are typically moderate in terms of noisiness. They may bark to alert their owners to potential threats or strangers, but their barking is usually not excessive.

    Pembroke Welsh Corgis thrive in homes that provide:

    • 1. Active Lifestyle: They do well in households with active individuals or families who can provide regular exercise and playtime.
    • 2. Space: A house with a yard where they can exercise and explore is ideal.
    • 3. Socialization: Early and consistent socialization is crucial to their well-adjusted behavior.
    • 4. Routine: Establishing a routine helps them feel secure and reduces anxiety. Predictable daily schedules are beneficial.
    • 5. Training: They respond well to positive reinforcement training methods and thrive in environments where training and mental stimulation are prioritized.


    • 1. Lack of Exercise: Without sufficient exercise and mental stimulation, Pembroke Welsh Corgis can become bored and may develop behavioral problems.
    • 2. Isolation: They are social dogs and may struggle in homes where they are frequently left alone for extended periods.
    • 3. Lack of Socialization: Poorly socialized Pembroke Welsh Corgis may exhibit fear or aggression towards strangers or other animals, which can lead to challenges in public settings.
    • 4. Owner Experience: Inexperienced owners who are not prepared for the breed’s specific needs and characteristics may face challenges in raising a well-behaved Pembroke Welsh Corgi.

    Traveling with Pembroke Welsh Corgis involves these considerations:

    1. Exercise Needs: Corgis require exercise to stay healthy. Plan for breaks and walks during travel.
    2. Size: They are a small breed. Ensure their comfort and safety with suitable travel crates or seat belt harnesses.
    3. Anxiety: Some Pembroke Welsh Corgis may experience travel anxiety. Gradual introduction to travel and familiar items can help reduce stress.
    4. Air Travel: For air travel, choose pet-friendly airlines with appropriate crate requirements.
    5. Identification: Ensure proper identification for your Pembroke Welsh Corgi during travel.

    Pembroke Welsh Corgis are generally healthy, but they may be prone to certain health concerns, including:

    • Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD): A spinal condition that can cause back pain and hindlimb paralysis.
    • Hip Dysplasia: A genetic condition that affects the hip joints and can lead to arthritis and lameness.
    • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): A group of inherited diseases that can lead to blindness.
    • Obesity: Due to their hearty appetite, Corgis can be prone to obesity.

    Proper nutrition is vital for Pembroke Welsh Corgis. Follow these nutritional habits:

    1. High-Quality Dog Food: Choose dog food with high-quality animal protein as the first ingredient.
    2. Age-Appropriate Food: Feed the appropriate life stage formula.
    3. Protein: Opt for a diet with moderate protein content.
    4. Balanced Diet: Ensure a balance of protein, fats, carbs, vitamins, and minerals.
    5. Portion Control: Prevent overfeeding with proper portion sizes.
    6. Fresh Water: Always provide clean, fresh water.
    7. Avoid Table Scraps: Refrain from feeding human food.
    8. Treats: Use treats in moderation for training and rewards.
    9. Consult Your Veterinarian: Seek guidance from your vet for the best diet.
    10. Special Dietary Needs: Address dietary restrictions or allergies with your vet.
    11. Weight Management: Maintain a healthy weight through exercise and portion control.
    12. Regular Check-Ups: Schedule regular veterinary check-ups for monitoring.

    Proper nutrition is essential for the health and well-being of Pembroke Welsh Corgis.

    Breed-specific laws (BSL) may affect Pembroke Welsh Corgis in particular areas, and it’s important for owners to be aware of these regulations. BSL is typically enacted at the local or municipal level and can vary widely from one jurisdiction to another. Here are some types of restrictions that Pembroke Welsh Corgis may face under BSL:

    1. Mandatory Spaying/Neutering: Some areas may require owners of Pembroke Welsh Corgis to spay or neuter their dogs.
    2. Special Licensing: BSL may require special licensing for Pembroke Welsh Corgi owners, often involving additional fees and regulations.
    3. Liability Insurance: Owners of Pembroke Welsh Corgis may be required to carry liability insurance as part of BSL.
    4. Muzzling in Public: In certain regions, BSL may mandate that Pembroke Welsh Corgis be muzzled when in public spaces.
    5. Ownership Bans: In extreme cases, BSL may ban the ownership of Pembroke Welsh Corgis altogether in certain areas.

    The rationale for BSL is often based on concerns about public safety and perceived risks associated with specific breeds. While Pembroke Welsh Corgis are not inherently aggressive, they can be affected by BSL due to their physical resemblance to breeds that are sometimes included in these laws.

    It’s important to note that BSL is a controversial topic, and many advocates argue that it unfairly targets breeds rather than addressing individual dog behavior. They emphasize that responsible ownership, training, and education should be emphasized instead of breed-specific restrictions.

    To determine if there are breed-specific laws or restrictions regarding Pembroke Welsh Corgis in your area, you should check with your local animal control or government authorities. Be aware of and comply with any local regulations to ensure that you are in compliance with the law while owning a Pembroke Welsh Corgi.

    Woof Mastery is reader supported and our articles may contain affiliate links. 

    Instead of running third party ads that we have no control of we only use links from high-quality companies we are directly partnered with. Making use of these links come at no cost to you our reader, and in many cases have the extra benefit of discounted rates or sign up bonuses.

    If you’re interested you can read more about our affiliate policy here.

    We appreciate your support and always insure that the products and services we recommend are high-quality, helpful and relevant to the subject at hand!

    Fun Facts About The Pembroke Welsh Corgi

    Myth 1: Pembroke Welsh Corgis are from Wales

    Truth: While their name suggests a Welsh origin, Pembroke Welsh Corgis share their history with Cardigan Welsh Corgis in Wales. They are separate breeds.

    Myth 2: They are Low-Energy Dogs

    Truth: Corgis are active and require exercise. They enjoy playtime and mental stimulation, and regular physical activity keeps them healthy and happy.

    Pembroke Welsh Corgis, with their distinctive appearance and lively personalities, have gained fame in various fields, and some famous examples include:

    1. Ch. (Champion) Townhill The Gladiator: “Max” was a famous Pembroke Welsh Corgi in the show ring, earning conformation titles and contributing to the breed’s reputation in dog shows.
    2. Ein: Ein, a Pembroke Welsh Corgi, became a beloved character in the animated series “Cowboy Bebop.” He gained a significant fan following for his role in the show.
    3. Pembroke Welsh Corgis in Movies and Entertainment: Corgis, including those with the famous “Corgi smile,” have made appearances in various movies and television shows, adding to their recognition in the entertainment industry.

    These Pembroke Welsh Corgis have showcased the breed’s charm and appeal, from the show ring to the world of entertainment.

    • Herding: Pembroke Welsh Corgis have a strong herding background and were historically used for herding cattle.
    • Companionship: They are cherished family pets, known for their intelligence, loyalty, and endearing nature.
    • Welsh Culture: Pembroke Welsh Corgis are a symbol of Welsh culture and have been associated with Welsh folklore and legends.

    Pembroke Welsh Corgis have a long history as herders and companions, but specific historical owners may not be widely recognized. These dogs are cherished for their intelligence and spirited personalities.

    Pembroke Welsh Corgis, like all breeds, face certain challenges and dangers. Some of the greatest dangers and concerns for the breed include:

    1. Misunderstanding: Misconceptions about the breed’s size and exercise needs can lead to misunderstandings and potential challenges for owners who are not prepared for the breed’s requirements.
    2. Health Concerns: Pembroke Welsh Corgis are susceptible to specific health issues, including hip dysplasia, eye conditions, and intervertebral disc disease (IVDD). Responsible breeding and regular veterinary care are essential to address these concerns.
    3. Obesity Risk: Corgis have a tendency to gain weight, and obesity can lead to health problems. Owners must provide a balanced diet and regular exercise.
    4. Exercise Needs: These dogs require regular exercise to maintain a healthy weight and prevent behavioral problems due to excess energy.
    5. Climate Sensitivity: Their double coat makes them sensitive to heat. Owners in warm climates must take precautions to prevent heat-related issues.
    6. Breed-Specific Legislation: Pembroke Welsh Corgis may be affected by breed-specific legislation (BSL) in certain areas, leading to restrictions or bans on ownership.
    7. Irresponsible Breeding: Irresponsible breeding practices can result in health and temperament issues. Ethical breeding is crucial for the breed’s well-being.
    8. Training Needs: Proper training is important to manage their herding instincts and to provide mental stimulation for the breed.
    9. Socialization: Early and consistent socialization is necessary to ensure Pembroke Welsh Corgis are well-adjusted around strangers and other dogs.
    10. Coat Care: Their double coat requires regular grooming to prevent matting and maintain skin health.

    By understanding these challenges and providing responsible ownership and care, many of these dangers can be mitigated to ensure the well-being of Pembroke Welsh Corgis.

    The Pembroke Welsh Corgi has roots in Wales and shares ancestry with the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. It’s believed that Viking invaders brought early Corgi-type dogs to Wales, which later interbred with local herding dogs. The breed’s development aimed to create small herding dogs with strong work ethics and herding abilities.

    Check out Woofwear, where you will find our custom designed and stylish Pembroke Welsh Corgi merch!

    Why you're going to love the Pembroke Welsh Corgi

    The Pembroke Welsh Corgi, known for its charm and intelligence, is a breed that excels in herding and companionship roles. Their affectionate nature and unique coat patterns have made them popular family pets.

    Being a Pembroke Welsh Corgi owner involves providing mental and physical stimulation, grooming, and regular veterinary care. Responsible ownership includes addressing potential health concerns and embracing their herding instincts through training.

    With their expressive eyes and distinctive coat patterns, Pembroke Welsh Corgis continue to capture the hearts of those who appreciate their joyful spirit and loyal companionship.

    Be sure to check out the other Paw-some pups we have reviewed!

    Abruzzese Mastiff headshot portrait
    Abruzzese Mastiff (Mastino Abruzzese)
    Affenpinscher portrait headshot
    Afghan Hound Portrait
    Afghan Hound
    Agouti Husky Portrait
    Agouti Husky
    Airedale Terrier portrait headshot
    Airedale Terrier
    A Portrait of an Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog
    Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog
    Alaskan Husky Portrait
    Alaskan Husky
    Alaskan Klee Kai Portrait
    Alaskan Klee Kai
    Alaskan Malamute featured image
    Alaskan Malamute
    Albanian Hound Portrait
    Albanian Hound
    Alpine Spaniel Portrait (2)
    Alpine Spaniel (Switzerland)
    American Akita Portrait
    American Akita
    Portrait of a American Bulldog
    American Bulldog
    Portrait of an American Bully
    American Bully
    American Cocker Spaniel Portrait
    American Cocker Spaniel
    American English Coonhound Portrait
    American English Coonhound
    American Eskimo Dog (Mini & Toy) Portrait
    American Eskimo Dog (Mini and Toy)
    American Eskimo Dog (Standard) Portrait
    American Eskimo Dog (Standard)
    American Foxhound Portrait
    American Foxhound
    American Hairless Terrier portrait headshot
    American Hairless Terrier
    Portrait of American Pit Bull Terrier
    American Pit Bull Terrier
    A Portrait of an American Staffordshire Bulldog (also known as American Staffordshire Terrier)
    American Staffordshire Bulldog
    Head shot portrait of American Staffordshire Terrier
    American Staffordshire Terrier
    American Water Spaniel Portrait
    American Water Spaniel
    Anatolian Mastiff (Anatolian Shepherd Dog) headshot portrait
    Anatolian Mastiff (Anatolian Shepherd Dog)
    Anatolian Shepherd portrait
    Anatolian Shepherd
    Anglo-Français de Petite Vénerie Portrait
    Anglo-Français de Petite Vénerie
    Argentinian Mastiff (Dogo Argentino) portrait headshot
    Argentinian Mastiff (Dogo Argentino)
    Ariégeois Portrait
    Artois Hound Portrait
    Artois Hound
    Aussiedoodle (Australian Shepherd and Poodle Mix) Portrait
    Aussiedoodle (Australian Shepherd + Poodle)
    A Portrait of an Australian Bulldog
    Australian Bulldog
    Australian Kelpie portrait
    Australian Kelpie
    Australian Shepherd portrait
    Australian Shepherd
    Australian Terrier portrait headshot
    Australian Terrier
    Austrian Black and Tan Hound portrait head shot
    Austrian Black and Tan Hound
    A Portrait of a Banter Bulldogge
    Banter Bulldogge
    Basset Artésien Normand Portrait
    Basset Artésien Normand
    Basset Bleu de Gascogne Portrait
    Basset Bleu de Gascogne
    Basset Fauve de Bretagne Portrait 2
    Basset Fauve de Bretagne
    Basset Hound Portrait
    Basset Hound